Vietnam, which has transitioned from a low-income to a middle-income country over the past decade, has experienced an increase in caesarean section rates along with its urbanization. The proportion of women undergoing Caesarean section increased nearly 7-fold in 17 years, from 3.4% in 1997 to 27.5% in 2014. This rate is among the highest in Southeast Asia.
However, this figure and trend does not fully reflect regional C-section rates. Indeed, while rural areas have reached a rate of 21%, 43% of pregnant women in urban areas, which are increasingly populated, give birth with a caesarean section.
This difference is not unique to Vietnam, but these caesarean section rates remain high compared to other developing countries.
Participating hospitals in Vietnam are two university hospitals, two regional hospital, two district hospitals and two private hospitals in the North, in the Middle and in the South areas of the country.
Source : Magnitude and correlates of caesarean section in urban and rural areas: A multivariate study in Vietnam (De Loenzien et al.)