Thailand is part of one of the regions with the largest increases of Caesarean section rates in the first decade of the 21st century. On average, this rate increased by 5.1% per year, and so South-East Asia Pacific has gone from a C-section rate of 13.4% to 28.8% in 15 years.
Thailand has one of the highest Caesarean section rates in the region, with 32% (2016) of deliveries performed with this surgery. In addition, a higher percentage of women in the provinces of Ratchaburi (44.4%), Songkhla (44.2%) and Kalasin (34.8%) delivered by C-section compared to the national average.
It is also important to note that 21% of births are Caesarean sections decinded before the onset of labour, which represent about 65% of the total c-section. Of course, in this number, there are the c-sections medically justified but also those that are not medically justified
Source : Thailand 14 Provinces Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015-2016