In 2014, Burkina Faso presented a caesarean section rate of 2.1%, which is a 4.3-fold increase compared to the rate of 0.5% in 2000.This linear growth could correspond to the results of a policy of decentralisation of care and surgical operations, such as the caesarean section, applied in the 1990s by the Burkinabe government. By teaching general practitioners to perform routine operations while reducing the cost of care, Burkina Faso has made obstetric care more accessible for pregnant women. The success of this policy is also reflected in the caesarean section mortality rate, which has dropped considerably over 15 years, from a peak of 2% in 2001 to 0.15% in 2014.
Nevertheless, this rate of 2.1, below the minimum rate of 5% recommended by the WHO, suggests that there is a caesarean section deficit in Burkina Faso despite initiatives to improve access to care.
Source : Trends in caesarean section rates and places of delivery in Burkina Faso (I. Sombie et al.)